Citizen Cooperative Distributed Logistics System

ReleaseDay
2017/7/6
Team
ALTERNATIVE MACHINE
Category
R&D

Citizen Cooperative Distributed Logistics System

ALTERNATIVE MACHINE
The “citizen-collaborative distributed logistics system” is an alternative logistics system that considers the daily movements of individual citizens, such as commuting to work or school, as a logistics network and realizes the movement of goods with the cooperation of people, as well as inducing people-to-people encounters.
The primary mission of existing logistics systems is to send large quantities of goods quickly and cheaply. Should all logistics be like that? For example, is it essential for a purchased book to be delivered the next day when many books are piled up at home? There are items that should not be delivered the next day but could be delivered a week later.
The existing logistics business model relies on distribution volume. Naturally, if the number of people sending goods decreases, the volume of distribution will also decrease. As the population declines, especially in depopulated areas, railroad lines and bus routes are being discontinued due to unprofitability. Similarly, logistics companies are beginning to consider scaling back or even withdrawing from the logistics business in the region.
In fact, the cost of private home delivery in regional cities is rising, and this is beginning to affect the local economy. If logistics companies withdraw, delivery costs will rise dramatically, which will inevitably have a major impact on small farmers and other small businesses.
In order to break out of the existing paradigm and study a new logistics system that solves the last-mile problems of individual delivery, such as cost increases due to population decline, a joint research project was conducted with Denso Corporation. We selected Nayoro City in Hokkaido as a model city for this research. Nayoro was designated as a depopulated area in 2002 and had a declining population, increasing railroad line closures, and an awareness of logistics issues.
Interviews were conducted with the mayor of Nayoro City, logistics companies, and citizens. In parallel, we created a simulation and conducted a theoretical verification to see if it is possible to reach a target point from the random movements of multiple people. Finally, data on the activities of 11 people, mainly university students in the city, was collected over a two-month period, and an analysis of action routes, activity times, etc., was also conducted.
By using technology to open up the everyday activities of many people to others, it is possible to solve problems in the local community. We expect that the technology will not simply transport goods but will also provide an opportunity for communication and revitalize the local community.
「市民協働型分散物流システム」は、通勤や通学など市民一人ひとりの日々の動きを物流ネットワークとして捉え、人々の協力によりモノの移動を実現するとともに、人と人との出会いを誘発するオルタナティブな物流システムを目指している。
既存の物流システムは、大量に早く安く送ることが大命題となっている。全ての物流がそうあるべきなのか?例えば、自宅に積読されている本が大量にある中、購入した本が翌日に届く必要が本当にあるのか?その他、翌日配達でなくとも1週間後でも良いものもあるはずだ。
既存の物流ビジネスモデルは、流通量に依存している。当然送る人が少なくなれば、物流量も少なくなる。人口減少に伴い、特に過疎地域では、採算が合わず鉄道廃線や路線バス廃止が進んでいる。また物流に関しても同様に物流会社の規模縮小や撤退も検討されはじめている。
実際に地方都市における個人宅配のコストは上昇し、地域経済に影響を与え始めている。物流会社が撤退すれば、配送コストは劇的に上昇し、小規模な農家など零細企業に大打撃をあたえることは避けられない。
既存のパラダイムから脱却し、人口減少に伴うコスト増などの個配のラストワンマイル問題を解決する新たな物流システムを検討すべく、株式会社デンソーと共同研究を実施した。2002年に過疎地域指定を受け、人口減少が進み鉄道廃線が増え、物流問題に対して問題意識のある北海道の名寄市をモデル都市とした。
名寄市の市長を始め、物流会社や市民に対してヒアリングを実施した。並行して複数の人間のランダムな動きから目標地点に到達することが可能かどうか、シミュレーションを作成し理論検証を実施。最終的には、市内の大学生を中心とした11人の行動データを2カ月間収集し、行動ルート、活動時間などの解析も実施した。
多くの人達の普段の活動を技術で他者に開くことにより、地域社会の問題を解決できる可能性はある。単純に物を運ぶだけでなく、コミュケーションのきっかけとなり、地域社会の活性化につながることも期待している。
 

Credit:

Partner: DENSO
Director: Ryuta Aoki
[ Field Research ]
Interviewer: Ryuta Aoki, Narihiro Haneda (DENSO)
[ Theoretical Verification (Simulation) ]
Algorithm Design: Norihiro Maruyama, Atsushi Masumori, Takashi Ikegami
Production: ALTERNATIVE MACHINE
[ Data Analysis ]
Design: Ryuta Aoki
Programming: Kokoro Aoki (VOLOCITEE)

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